TORONICS by D.Levi Wing
by, 11-18-2006 at 03:32 PM (8299 Views)
At one time we were able to say that the universe was everything that existed. Now we need to refine this image such to say "the Cosmos represents everything that exists". Our universe is but one of many within the infinity of the Cosmos. Having stated this, let's consider some beginnings of our universe and the Genesis hypotheses.
The Standard Model:
The standard model describes our universe as having expanded from a “singularity”; a point-like region of space (or in space) that was supersaturated with energy that formed an ultra-hot ultra-dense medium in which the gravity was so strong that it curved space back on itself in a distance of about 10^-36 cm. As the universe became larger it cooled from its ultra-dense ultra-hot origins. The fundamental interactions sorted themselves out into the strong, weak, electromagnetic, and gravitational forces. The resulting mixed soup of matter, neutrinos, and radiation, cooled and separated, and the components went their separate ways. The radiation component, we still see today as the cosmic microwave background. The matter congealed into dust clumps that became galaxies. Stars formed, exploded in supernova violence, and formed again, repeatedly recycling matter into heavier elements. The result is what we call the Big Bang even though it is really a Big Swelling.
To clarify this inflation model further, we must also accept the notion that nothing existed prior to this event. By nothing, science means that there was not a place for the universe to expand into. No empty void and no existence of any kind. As a realist, I have a problem with this something from absolute nothing scenario. The Standard Model as it stands may just as well start with the words "Let there be light". This model is another form of the Genesis philosophy.
There are other aspects of this scenario that tend to irritate the right side of our brain. Those who have been through the rigors of Thermodynamics tend to have objections as to the use of the term "ultra-hot". Temperature is often related to "degree of freedom" of an object. The universe object could not have had any significant degree of freedom to warrant such an extreme temperature; so what invoked the rapid rise in temperature? Where is the real physical machinery of cause-and-effect?
One should note however, that the expansion picture is exceptionally accurate for explaining astrological observations. Rather than view the Big Bang as an explosion, expanse describes it as something like raisin bread dough (space) as it rises and carries the raisins (galaxies) along as the dough swells up. If we think of the dough as being the density of space, then we can say that as the universe cools, the spatial density between the galaxies decreases as they continue to move away from each other. An article in the March 2005 issue of Scientific American provides an excellent description of the Big Bang expansion.
Another anomaly of the expansion concept is that scientist tend to say that there is no center of expansion and that every location in the universe can be viewed as the center. This view is valid only in terms of Relativity in stating that motion is relative. In reality we could view the universe as having a center location but it would be of little significance.
Proclaiming the universe as an expanse rather than an explosion, may be premature on our part. An explosion of a substance goes through a type of expanse for a brief interval just prior to becoming a shower of particulate fragmented objects. Our universe may actually be in this pre-fragmentation phase and thus only appear to be expanding. Over the course of time, the universe may simply become a shower of fragmented fundamental matter in the form of galaxies streaming into the outer reaches of a cosmological void. The only difference being that the universe is creating the fragments during its expanse phase, whereas the explosions we are commonly familiar with are of objects already having fragmented structure (atoms).
The "Big Bang" scenario, defined by the quantum theory, provides an interesting feature. If inflation occurred at the rate suggested by quantum theory, then "Absolute motion" would need to be 2x1020 meters per second. This is about 6.5x1011 times faster than our measured velocity of light in a vacuum. Since the expansion rate seems to exceed Einstein's edict that nothing can travel faster than light, we often hear that expansion is an exception to that rule. "The laws of physics must not have exceptions!" Thus the speed of light is not an ultimate speed limit.
The Toronic Collision Model:
Any scenario of a beginning of the universe is purely speculative and quite likely not provable. The Toronic view of existence is all inclusive of everything that exists whether it is within our known universe, observed universe, the unobserved universe or the cosmos beyond our universe. The fundamental laws of physics and the interpretive paradigm explaining them, must hold true in all cases and levels of reality. The fundamental nature and function of the physical substance of the universe does not change.
What was before genesis of our universe? Did other universes attempted to form from such enormous quantities of matter that they produced gravitational phenomena so strong that they collapsed and expanded over and over? Did this closed cycle cause this supper-universe to lose quantities of matter into the cosmos with each cycle until it reached just the right proportions to continue the expanse as an open universe destined unto itself to eventually disperse into the cosmos and evaporate forever?
One scenario is that matter was concentrated in units of enormous quantities. These units may have been whizzing through the cosmos with absolute linear motion (2x10^20 m/s) in all different directions. By some remote chance, two of these units where on a collision course ordained to create a remarkable existence from this single substance. In this scenario there is no need to comprehend entities of energy, forces, antimatter, or gravity, to explain the existence of stars, planets, and galaxies, only an understanding of the basic properties of the fundamental substance that is about to collide. These properties are primarily, “Self-affinity” (bonding) and “Absolute Motion”. These units of matter had these properties before this event and all the material systems formed from these units will have these properties after the event.
It will not be of any significance what the human mind creates for properties to produce mathematical equations; the reality is that if it exists, it is matter or interactions of matter. Energy and Mass are mathematical terms, not terms of real physical existence – they are however; useful abstracts when we need to determine the results of specific experimental events.
If we refer to the fundamentals, we see that these units of matter are at one of their extreme states of motion; that of an absolute solid object. The Self-affinity bonding property is at its maximum so there is no randomized motion to produce a wave function of symmetry nor chaos. One may think that a collision of objects in this state would either bounce off each other or explode into fragments of fundamental matter going in all directions. We know from astrological data that this is not the case; So what does happen?
The illustration (Fig 3.0) shows that prior to the collision, matter with total uniform motion has the effective temperature of a pure absolute zero. We can also view this in the sense that temperature has no meaning prior to the start of the universe just as we view now that time has no meaning prior to this event. The degree of freedom for matter with total linear uniform motion is zero. The collision resulted in an initial conversion of linear uniform motion to randomized motion that created the flurry of wave vibrations that drove the matter of the universe into an ultra-hot state of rapid expansion. A type of Aether formed called quantum foam which was nothing more than the chaotic interference of waves throughout the object. During this phase angular motion was acquire by matter in localized interference domains to confine wave interference to smaller volumes to form the first particulate appearance of matter; these may be what we call black holes today. These particles began to react to the expansion by evaporating more fundamental units of matter into the universe and thus started the process to the evolution of matter into the state we know it to be today. From this point, the scenario is similar to the current standard model as long as we maintain the integrity of the concepts of fundamental absolutes.
Fig 3.00 Temperature through the evolution of the universe.
No natural event can result in matter in the solid state form to break up into smaller units. A collision between objects of matter in this state will result in causing the original uniform linear velocity to redistribute as randomized motion of vibrations (Vr Wave function) and combinations of linear and angular uniform motions (Vu) throughout the substance. The Vr motion is the important quantity that determines the expansion. The surface of this universe particle has now developed a chaotic standing wave function on its surface and a flurry of interference wave actions throughout its interior. We mite say that the universe is in a phase of "Good Vibrations".
At about 10^-32 seconds into the expansion event, the universe achieved minimum entropy in the form of chaotic wave functions. This fundamental substance began to form pockets of matter with similar uniform motion and thus started the process of reducing the disorder of entropy to form the physical structures of matter as we observe them today. This process seems to be continuing as if all the random motion is being converted to bring matter back to a condensed state.
Though the singularity idea is ingenious, I'm afraid it is really not a practical concept for an interpretation for the beginning of a universe. It may be interesting to note that if a collision was the cause of our universe, we may have a sister universe out there in the cosmos or maybe they have merged to form a single universe similar to the next scenario.
The question now becomes, not is there enough gravity, but is there enough uniform angular motion of the universe itself to create a boundary interface with the cosmos. Is the universe spinning such to limit the expansion wave function and thus either stopping the expanse or reversing it. Will the cosmic background radiation become so long of a wavelength that the matter of our galaxy is free to wander into the outer limits of the cosmos. Maybe some day only the stars of the Milky Way Galaxy will illuminate the night sky of the planets we colonize.
The Toronic Particle Universe Model:
Imagine many quantities of fundamental matter equivalent to the matter of our universe and existing in a state of near symmetry. (Vr = Va) Now imagine that these bubbles of gravitational matter have enough spin to create a defined interface with the void of the cosmos. When Vu increases, Vr will decrease by equal amounts. These bubbles are smaller now. Reducing Vr more by giving our universe bubble some linear velocity we again increased Vu and decreased Vr. The wave functions are now shorter and the volume of the universe is smaller. All these universe bubbles do not need their Absolute Motion distributed with the same proportions of Vr and Vu. If we now imagine that two of these bubbles collided with each other; their symmetry would be disrupted and possibly result in the formation of matter systems of galaxies destined to become the universe as we observe it today. This would be similar to the collision model except the two universe structures may merge into one universe or, do as many subatomic particles do and become universe pairs or even clusters.
Maybe nature created the first cosmological particle collider. Though these scenarios may not draw support for a new BB theory, it may be useful for understanding interaction of atomic particles latter on.
Most of us have perceptions of only atomic matter or the fundamental subatomic particles. We have developed an understanding of the states of atomic matter as being solid, liquid, and gaseous. We could assign these concepts to fundamental matter also; however, the solid state and gaseous state lie at the extremes of uniform and random motion states of Absolute Motion while the liquid state would have to be everything in-between as a scale of how solid to how gaseous the matter. As yet, it is not likely that our science has detected fundamental matter at either extreme. Space and a vacuum are the closest to gaseous fundamental matter observed and possibly a neutrino is the closest to the solid state fundamental matter observed.
Space, The Medium:
When the properties of gasses are discussed, it's usually said that increased temperatures causes molecules or atoms to break their bonds allowing them to freely travel and bounce off each other. When confined to a container, this produces pressure. We cannot use this analogy for the gaseous state of fundamental matter for it is not a collection of particles or quantities of matter traveling through the universe; It is the fundamental substance in a state of randomized vibration and wave interference (Random Motion) that creates variations in spatial density throughout the substance resulting in an expanding universe. No volume of space sustains a constant spatial density long enough to measure anything other than the wave nature through that volume; Even this is difficult when this random motion wave nature is that of the internal spatial density of a subatomic particle!
Many believe electromagnetic waves do not travel in a medium. This is a misconception brought on by the misunderstanding of Relativity and Quantum theories. Our use of mathematics to create these theories simply eliminates the need to account for a medium. The mathematical terms of our equations are already scaled and manipulated to function without defining properties of a medium or developing an Aether Theory. It is this absence of a paradigm to define the properties of a medium and thus the fundamental properties of Matter itself, that has hindered the progress of producing scientific commonsense interpretations of the numbers we obtain from Relativity and Quantum theories since the implementation of these subjective-theory-sciences.
We detect Cosmic Background Radiation in every direction we look into space. This radiation is considered as the remnants of the Big Bang. This would also indicate that our universe is acting as an enclosed system that confines radiation within the boundaries of the system. This simply means that radiation is being reflected back into the universe by some surface barrier at the edge of the universe. Thus the universe can be viewed as an unusually large particle of matter.
An example of this would be to imagine a hollow sphere that's coated on the inside with a perfect mirrored surface. Light propagated inside the sphere would theoretically reflect off the internal surfaces forever inside the sphere. After a time the waves within the sphere will interact until they create interference patterns throughout the interior of the sphere. In the universe this causes the wavelength to lengthen and the universe to expand since there is no ridged structure to limit expansion. Of course it could be viewed that the expansion is causing the wavelengths to lengthen also; however this only applies to radiation propagated after the Big Bang event by luminous bodies or matter interactions.
This is basically the state of our universe today with the exception that our universe sphere is cluttered with objects that are also part of its interior and propagating radiation. If we were to go into the cosmos an view the surface of our universe sphere, we would find that it is not a smooth surface, but a surface textured with chaotic standing waves of unstructured matter like the surface of a pond you have just tossed a hand full of pebbles into. The universe is just one big particle that is continually getting bigger and thus its Absolute Motion is becoming randomized with longer wave functions or cooling, as it is currently explained. At the same time matter in the chaotic randomized state is being converted to uniform motion by subatomic structures an thus space is becoming thinner and thinner until eventually the process will reach a limit and reverse or continue to a total open universe without the physical restrictions of gravitational bonds.
All the wave interference throughout the universe represents the random motion component of the universe's Absolute Motion. Now imagine a group of waves coming from all directions and concentrated to interfere at a location such to bring a quantity of the medium into a high density region of matter with the equivalence of Absolute Motion. If some of this motion is angular in nature, this region of the medium becomes an autonomous domain as if it were a micro universe devoid of structured matter. This domain has surface texture of standing waves, it has an interior of wave interference, and it has a total motion equivalent to Absolute motion. Unlike the universe, this unit of matter has an extremely shorter wavelength function and no interior clutter; at least not yet. The dimensions (radii) of these domains vary only with the conversion of their random motion to uniform motion. Though these domains are autonomous, they are still the same substance as the environmental substance surrounding them and thus, they will interact with the exterior medium and with each other.
The perfect symmetry wave function universe (Figure 3.01 ) is ideal for particles of matter but not for creating a universe teaming with life and diversity of structure. This is really a boring universe with nothing much happening except a lot of vibration and possibly some expansion. This universe quite likely would go static or take billions of our universe life cycles to evolve even the most fundamental units of matter. This may have been the status of our universe just nanoseconds after the event that started us down the path of expansion, but with a little less symmetry.
A universe with symmetry wave function.
Broken symmetry wave function universe. Image produced by mathematical wave interference distributed randomly.
Image from measurements of the variations in cosmic background radiation.
Figure 3.02 shows the most interesting feature of broken wave function symmetry; it looks a lot like the images we obtain from the variations in microwave background radiation temperatures shown in Figure 3.03. Much is happening in this universe! The similarity between the mathematically produced image and the actual image produce by measuring temperature variation of the microwave background appear to be too similar to be ignored. The mathematically constructed image was originally intended to simply show random interference patterns.
We have now defined matter in its unstructured random motion state as being the mysterious undetectable medium of our early twentieth century scientist. Without this concept of a medium, we can only rely on the mathematical modeling process to guide us through bizarre complex dualisms in order to achieve an understanding of radiant energy. However, with this concept we can see why the mathematical models function as they do and why they produce such strange illusions and complexities from their interpretations.